Need For Proper Sharps Disposal

Sharps refer to the medical term for the objects that have sharp points or edges which can puncture or cut skin. Sharps can be used anywhere like home, at hospitals, clinics, while travelling to manage the medical conditions of the people injured or the pets. The medical conditions may include cancer, arthritis, allergies, hepatitis, infertility, diabetes, HIV / AIDS, migraines, osteoporosis, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis and blood clotting disorders.

What are the different kinds of sharps?

There are several kinds of sharps used during the medical process to treat the injured people with the help of medication. The kinds of sharps are as follows:

  • Syringe- It is a cylindrical object with a very fine needle at the point of the cylinder used to inject medication into or withdraw fluid like blood or bone marrows from the body.
  • Needle- It is a very fine slender object a kind of hollow piece of metal used to provide medication under the skin.
  • Lancet- It is also know as finger stick. It is a short instrument that has a two edged blade attached to it to get blood drops for testing. This sharp is commonly used for patients of diabetes.
  • Auto injector- It includes epinephrine pens and a pre filled syringe with a fluid filled inside it and is designed in such a way that that the fluid self injects into the body.
  • Infusion set- It is a tube like system used to out drugs inside the body.
  • Connection needle- It is a needle used to connect two tubes that usually takes the fluid in and out of the body. This is mainly used for those patients who are on home haemodialysis.

Why is proper sharps disposal necessary?

Used sharps are dangerous for the people and pets if they are not disposed off. They can not only injure people but can also lead to infections causing serious health problems. The most common infections found by not adopting proper sharps disposal are as follows:

  • Hepatitis B (HBV)
  • Hepatitis C (HCV)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Safe sharps disposal is important whether you are at homes, office, work, hospital, travelling or any other place. Never place the loose needles or other disposable sharps in the household dustbins or public trash cans and not in the recycle bins and flushing them into toilets can be harmful. This puts workers of sewage and trash at risk of causing diseases and harming them.

How should sharps be disposed?

Used sharps should be placed in sharps disposal containers rather than placing at other places. There are FDA cleared sharps containers that are available on all the pharmacies, medical supply companies, online and health care providers. These containers are made specially for disposing sharps with a puncture resistant plastic along with lead resistant sides and bottom. They are covered with a high quality lid that too is puncture resistant.

If a FDA container is not available near by then a heavy duty plastic containers such as laundry detergent containers can also be used for sharps disposal.

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