Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

The symptoms of high blood pressure or hypertension might not become visible until catastrophe strikes. It’s a serious health condition that can damage the blood vessel walls over time. Hypertension can even increase a person’s likelihood of acquiring a stroke and other serious health conditions.

Even with the current advancements in medical science, many doctors still can’t pinpoint the direct cause of hypertension. There are, however, some particular factors that can increase a person’s risk of acquiring high blood pressure levels.

Causes of Hypertension 

Lifestyle plays a vital role in controlling blood pressure levels. Being overweight or obese, smoking tobacco, eating plenty of sodium in your diet, drinking more than the suggested amount of alcohol, and having diabetes can all lead to a high risk of hypertension. Aside from these factors, aging can also play a role in increasing a person’s risk of high blood pressure. As we continue to age, the blood vessels within our bodies become stiffer. Also, being in under a lot of stress can increase your blood pressure levels, albeit it should only take place momentarily and it should go back to normal once you relax. However, some studies suggest that stress isn’t a proven risk factor for hypertension. However, some research does suggest that depression and mental stress can pose a high risk of high blood pressure.

Symptoms of Hypertension 

Many people won’t suspect that they already have hypertension until it’s too late. Therefore, patients with high blood pressure won’t experience the symptoms related to the medical condition until the health issue aggravates. Many doctors even call it the “Silent Killer.” Many patients who experience hypertension will regularly complain about headaches. If left untreated, the medical condition can lead to the “wear and tear” of the body. In other words, hypertension can lead to the stretching and damaging of healthy blood vessels. In turn, it can bring about a number of health issues such as aneurysms and stroke.

Treating Hypertension 

Even though there are medications that can help lower the risk of high blood pressure, people experiencing this medical concern should start changing their lifestyles for the better if they want a good shot at eliminating the illness. These changes include hypertension treatment introducing regular exercise into your life (at least 30 minutes per week), as well as exchanging high fat and high sodium diets with healthier options. People who experience any of the symptoms of hypertension should have a diet that’s high in fruit and vegetables. Furthermore, make sure that you restrict or even remove alcohol intake from your system. Lastly, if you’re a regular smoker, then it’s time to start kicking the habit away.

Diagnosing Hypertension 

Doctors can tell if a patient has hypertension through a blood pressure test. Doctors will tend to place a blood pressure cuff on the patient’s arm, and this device has a built-in gauge that will measure the pressure found in the blood vessels. Patients are advised to avoid smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, or drinking coffee 30 minutes before the test starts. It’s because doing these behaviors can lead to an unnecessary spike in blood pressure levels which will, in turn, make the doctor declare a wrong diagnosis.

If you’re unsure if you do have hypertension or it’s just an ordinary headache, don’t hesitate to get in touch with your doctor.

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